Intrauterine Insemination: IUI
This in-office procedure, also known as “artificial insemination” involves placing “washed” sperm into the uterus, with a small catheter through the cervix. Sperm can be from the husband, significant other, or from a sperm bank, depending upon your situation and needs. The sperm is washed several times to remove substances that can cause cramping.
IUI is often performed if you have failed attempts at timed intercourse, or if there is a determination of abnormal cervical mucus/sperm interaction or slightly abnormal semen analysis.
In the latter case, the sperm is injected past the cervical barrier, to enable them to then move into the fallopian tube, and reach the egg. Variations in the procedure include taking medications to produce multiple follicles, and
the release of more than one egg (superovulation or ovulation induction) in order to achieve fertilization.
Insemination may bring your fertility potential to a 15% to 20% pregnancy rate/cycle. Usually a patient will undergo from three to six IUI cycles before moving to a more aggressive procedure.
The cost of intrauterine inseminations varies depending on the type of ovarian stimulation protocol, how much your insurance covers, and the number of cycles.